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Table 4 Examples of enzymes and their microorganism origin that are involved in the degradation of mycotoxins

From: Detoxification approaches of mycotoxins: by microorganisms, biofilms and enzymes

Microbial Origin

Name of enzyme

Or

Type of enzyme

Mycotoxins

Degradation (%)

References

Aspergillus niger MUM 03.58

Carboxypeptidase

OTA

99

(Abrunhosa et al. 2006)

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ASAG1

Carboxypeptidase

OTA

72

(Chang et al. 2015)

Aspergillus tubingensis M036

OTA

97.5

(Cho et al. 2016)

Aspergillus tubingensis M074

OTA

91.3

(Cho et al. 2016)

Aspergillus niger

Ochratoxinase

OTA

ND

(Dobritzsch et al. 2014)

Yarrowia lipolytica Y-2

Carboxypeptidases

OTA

ND

(Zhang et al. 2018)

Phanerochaete sordida

Manganese peroxidase

AFB1

86

(Wang et al. 2011)

Trametes versicolor

Laccase

AFB1

67

(Zeinvand-Lorestania et al. 2015)

Pleurotus eryngii

Laccase

AFB1

86

(Loi et al. 2018)

Pleurotus eryngii

Laccase

ZEN

100

(Loi et al. 2018)

Escherichia coli

Lactonohydrolase Zhd518

ZEN

ND

(Wang et al. 2018b)

lignocellulose-degrading fungi

Manganese Peroxidase

ZEN

34.0

(Tang et al. 2013)

lignocellulose-degrading fungi

Manganese Peroxidase

AFB1

84.9

(Tang et al. 2013)

Rhodococcus erythropolis

AFB1

90

(Hackbart et al. 2014)

Bacillus velezensis DY3108

AFB1

94.7

(Alberts et al. 2009)

Bacillus pumilus

AFB1

88

(Alberts et al. 2009)

Bacillus pumilus ES-21

ZEN

95.7

(Wang et al. 2017)

Gliocladium roseum

ZENG

ZEN

60

(Zhang et al. 2020)

Aspergillus niger

AFB1

23.6

(Zhang et al. 2014)

Peniophora sp. SCC0152

AFB1

40.45

(Alberts et al. 2009)