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Table 1 Percentage (%) of cattle carcasses contaminated according to their demographics

From: Penicillin-G and oxytetracycline residues in beef sold for human consumption in Maroua, Cameroon

Variables

PEN residues

OTC residues

OTC + PEN residues

Age (year)

 < 8 (n = 37)

18.92

0

18.92

 8–10 (n = 101)

17.82

1.98

19.80

 > 10 (n = 59)

16.95

1.69

18.64

 ND (n = 5)

60

0

60

Sex

 Entired male (n = 13)

15.38

0

15.38

 Castrated male (n = 4)

0

0

0

 Female (n = 185)

19.46

1.49

21.08

Production system*

 Transhumance (n = 16)

25

6.25

31.25

 Sedentary (n = 62)

19.35

0

19.35

 ND (n = 124)

17.74

1.61

19.35

Type of production*

 Fattery (n = 46)

17.39

0

17.39

 Mixed (n = 30)

23.33

3.33

26.67

ND (n = 125)

18.4

1.60

20

Health status**

 Sick (n = 21)

80.95

4.76

85.71

 Healthy (n = 181)

11.60

1.10

12.70

Body condition score

 Thin (n = 131)

18.32

1.53

19.85

 Normal (n = 69)

18.84

1.45

20.30

 Fat (n = 1)

100

0

100

Breed*

 Goudali (n = 13)

23.08

0

23.08

White Fulani (n = 65)

18.46

1.54

20

Red Fulani (n = 96)

20.83

2.08

22.92

 Arabe Shuwa (n = 8)

12.5

0

12.5

 Toupouri (n = 3)

33.33

0

33.33

 Kapsiki (n = 9)

11.11

0

11.11

 Peul (n = 1)

0

0

0

ND (n = 7)

0

0

0

Slaughterhouses

   

 Municipal (n = 115)

13.04

1.74

14.78

 Makabaye (n = 45)

22.22

0

22.22

 Kongola (n = 26)

26.92

0

26.92

 Meskine (n = 8)

25

12.5

37.50

 Salak (n = 5)

0

0

0

Godola (n = 3)

100

0

100

  1. PEN penicillin G, OTC Oxytetracycline, ND No determined
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01